Cough & Cold

Comprehensive Pediatrics

Pediatrics located in Edison, NJ

Children can get as many as 6-10 colds every year, with congestion, sneezing, coughing, and other uncomfortable symptoms. The physicians at Comprehensive Pediatrics in Edison, New Jersey, diagnose the conditions that cause cold and cough symptoms and offer treatments to help your child recover quickly and get back to their regular activities. They provide urgent care services and telehealth options to ensure your child gets the care they need. Call Comprehensive Pediatrics or make an appointment online today.

Cough & Cold Q & A

What causes coughs and colds?

Colds are usually viral infections in your upper respiratory system. They cause symptoms, including:

  • Nasal and sinus congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches


Viral and bacterial infections such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, and strep throat also cause coughs.

The flu is another common cause of cold symptoms and coughs. The flu also causes fever, chills, fatigue, and body aches. The flu often comes on suddenly, and symptoms range in severity.

Chronic conditions like asthma and allergies cause coughs and can make upper respiratory infection symptoms more severe.

When should I take my child to a doctor for a cough or cold?

If your child is younger than three months, call Comprehensive Pediatrics at the first sign of a cold or cough. Colds can become more severe rapidly in very young children.

For older children, you should make an appointment at Comprehensive Pediatrics if you notice symptoms such as:

  • Nostrils expand with every breath
  • Rapid or labored breathing
  • Lips or nails look blue
  • Ear pain
  • Temperature of 102ºF


You should also see a doctor if your child’s symptoms, such as nasal mucus or a cough, persist for a week or more. 

How do you diagnose what causes a cough and cold?

Your doctor at Comprehensive Pediatrics reviews your child’s symptoms and looks into their throat, nose, and ears. They also feel their lymph nodes for signs of inflammation.

In some cases, the doctor might order a throat or nasal swab to test for specific viruses or bacteria. This information helps them prescribe the best treatment for your child.

How are coughs and colds treated?

Treatment depends on the type of infection causing your child’s cold and cough symptoms. For example, the doctor only prescribes antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. 

If your child’s symptoms are due to a virus, they usually recommend rest and treatments to keep your child comfortable. They might suggest a decongestant or cough syrup, as well as plenty of liquids and sleep.

Call Comprehensive Pediatrics, make an in-office or telehealth appointment online, or use the urgent care services if your child has a persistent cough or cold and needs medical attention.